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Introduction:

The Roaring 20's were a time of change and prosperity. One of the many luxuries of the 20's and 30's were the extroidanary arts and entertainment businesses. Sports for women and men became popular, new movies called Talkies attracted attention, almost every American listened to the radio, which the US, and new music like jazz was greatly influenced by Louis Armstrong and by the Harlem Renaissance.

Vocabulary:

Jazz-
Racial Tension:
Talkies: Movies with sound.
Nickelodeons: The movie theaters
Babe Ruth: a famous baseball player.
Prosperity: to be wealthy and happy.
Guglielmo Marconi- one of the creators of the radio
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LOUIS ARMSTRONG: JAZZ LEGEND (Anastasia)

Louis Armstrong was born into a very poor family in New Orleans on the 4th of July, 1901. However Louis liked to tell people he was born in 1900, but it wasn’t known until baptism papers were found indicating he was born in 1901. His father left when he was just a baby, leaving him with his mother who left him with his grandmother. It is believed that Louis Armstrong is one of the most influential jazz players of all time. From the time he was 7, he learned the hardships of life, hauling coal and working on the ports to help bring in some income. He also worked for a Jewish family; the Karnofskys who fed him and nurtured him like their own son. He saw the racial tensions between Christians and Jews and he always wore a star of David to keep them close to his heart.
It wasn’t until he was 12 years old that he was sent to a reform school for firing a gun. In the reform school he was exposed to Creole music, where he learned he had a talent for the cornet. A few years later, as an adult, he joined the King Oliver’s Creole Band, and was recorded with Gennett Records. The 1920’s marked a new age where independent, or “indie” labels were formed. This created a chain reaction of new music, one after the other. Because of Louis Armstrong’s strong stage presence, charismatic personality, unique voice, creativeness, and his excellent skill with the trumpet, he became very popular very quickly. By 1929, he was touring the country and was later on Broadway! People knew him for his talent that influenced jazz; everyone wanted to copy Louis Armstrong. In the roaring 20’s there were many racial tensions. The rise of the KKK led to a thick, dark line dividing white people from black people. It was people like Louis Armstrong who helped change that. People knew him for his voice, his talent, his love for music, not for the fact he was black. All people could hear was the music he made and not the color of his skin. It showed a kinship between people, whoever liked music regardless their color. Louis Armstrong influenced many, many people to this day and fought racial tensions.

LINKS: http://pbskids.org/jazz/nowthen/index.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jazz_standard

jazzz.jpglouis_armstrong.jpg

(http://www.traditional-jazz.com/mainpages/louis.htm)

Works Cited:

"Louis Armstrong." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. 2010. Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Armstrong>.
"Jazz History in Stanadard Time." Jazz Standards. N.p., 2005. Web. 10 Mar 2011. <http://www.jazzstandards.com/history/history-2.htm>.
Hakim, Joy. Revised Third Edition. 3rd ed. vol. 9. New York: Oxford University Press , 2006. 55-57. Print.
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SPORTS in the 1920's (Emily M.)

During the 1920’s sports started to be a big thing. They called it the “Golden Age” of sports. This is because now that people had a lot of money and prosperity, there was enough time to do things that were fun and enjoyable. A few of these things are movies, radios, telephones, and TV. As TV became very popular, sports got even more popular. This is because they showed sport games including baseball, swimming, football, basketball, boxing, horse racing, tennis and many more. They also showed college, recreation, and pro games. Because of all the media, many players got famous. One famous baseball player that everyone should know is Babe Ruth. He got very famous because of all the new media. Also, Jack Dempsey and Benny Leonard got to be very famous boxers.
People believed that Harold “Red” Grange was the best football player. He was known as the “Galloping Ghost” because of all his style and speed. When sports began to get popular, African Americans wanted to play sports to. The Jim Crow laws stated that Whites and African Americans have to be on separate teams. So, African Americans all over decided to make their own teams. Also, people didn’t think women playing sports was ladylike so they had to fight for their right for sports. Many colleges let girls have their own basketball teams. Even schools had their own teams for kids! Sports made a big impact on people all over in the 1920’s.
spiorts.gifbabe-ruth.jpg
sport.jpg

Photo Citation:

babe ruth." babe ruth Facrs. Web. 14 Mar 2011. <http://www.baberuthfacts.com/images/babe-ruth.jpg >.
Works Cited:
Mark, Christopher T. "NFL-AFL Merger Creates a Sports-Industry Giant." Great Events from History: The Twentieth Century, 1941-1970. Ed. Robert F. Gorman. 6 vols. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, 2008. Salem History Web. 09 Mar. 2011.

]Pietrusza, David. The Roaring Twenties. San Diego, CA: Lucent Books, 1998. 60-69.

Links:
Websites:
http://www.msad54.org/sahs/socialstudies/finely/1920s/1920gr2/sports.html

http://www.1920-30.com/sports/

http://baberuthfacts.com/


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MOVIES (Cass)

One of the many prosperities of the Roaring 1920’s was the movie production. People loved to go out on their nights and go to attend movies that originally had no sound. The movies were silent, accompanied by a live piano performance in the Nickelodeons (the theaters). People would describe the movies in the theaters as “an aura of magic and mystery, of laughter and tears.”
It wasn’t until 1923 that a commercial’s film contained a sound track that was photographically recorded, and printed on the side of a film strip. This was 7 years before talking really got popular in movies, but it definitely ended the silent era. In 1927 Hollywood had became the center of the movie industry in the U.S. with 85% of movie production in and around Hollywood. The 1920’s was then named the best era of movie output in the United States. Colors and sounds were still developing but there was a high demand for movies. One of the cons of these new inventions is that once the talkies (movies with sound) gained sound, the level of profanity rose in movies, this was when they had to make ratings to make certain movies appropriate for the juvenile generation. Overall, one of the many prosperities of the Roaring 20’s was movie production, and it brought a lot of change into the entertainment world.

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LINKS:
http://www.1920-30.com/movies/

About the Artist. Web. 12 Mar 2011. <http://www.tyedart.com/The%20artist.htm>.

Wadsworth Public Library. Web. 12 Mar 2011. <http://www.wadsworthlibrary.com/main/adult_news.cfm>.
WORKS CITED:
Steve, Parker. 20th Century Media 20's & 30's Entertainment for all. Milwaukee Wisconsin: Gareth Stevens Publishing, 2002. 18. Print.

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HARLEM RENAISSANCE (Livi)

The Harlem Renaissance was a time for African American self‐expression. Moving to a big city gave them all a chance to explore their new identities and
opportunities. One of the first signs of the renaissance was the magazine “A Journal of a Negro Life.” This magazine promised an issue to any black writer that
wanted to be published. This gave many people who had dreams of being famous writers and poets a chance. Another sign of the renaissance was Jessie Fauset. She wrote the book “There is Confusion.” This book inspired many middle class black women. Langston Hughes and Countee Cullen were two poets that were discovered through the Harlem Renaissance. They became well known because of the civic club dinner. This first dinner opened new doors for African American writers and artists to meet wealthy white patrons. Fine artists were pulled into spotlight by being put on the covers of magazines. They used this opportunity to present problems in American culture.
The Harlem Renaissance was also involved with not only writing, but also the arts. The Apollo theatre had a big influence on black singers and actors. Prohibition helped out the Harlem Renaissance by opening tons of nightclubs where you would go to see live music and dance. Many of these clubs were located in Harlem. The Apollo theatre was the only theatre that hired blacks at the time, after the theatre started becoming very popular more people starting hiring blacks.

The Harlem harlem_renaissance_postcards_1101120443.gifRenaissance was a time of great self discoveryhalrmemem.jpg.
















LINKS:

[[http://www.biography.com/blackhistory/harlem‐renaissance.jsp#thr]]

http://www.britannica.com/blackhistory/article-9039283iberated=free

RADIO (Julia)

radio_1920.jpg

The radio was one of the most important inventions for the United States in the 1920’s. The radio was very popular by 1923 over 3 million people owned one. The radio was created by a variety of people. The person who came up with the original idea of the radio was Guglielmo Marconi. Not only did it help spread information. But it helped create similar interest between people. Jazz was a common type of music that was played on the radio. The interest of jazz brought people together because it was an easy conversation topic it could also help bring people together with dance. New types of dances were choreographed in the 1920’s such as the Charleston. here is a live clip of the Charleston dance tune that was commonly played on the radio click play # 4 to here the snazzy tune:
Probably the best aspect of the radio was that it helped the United States achieve goals that people never thought would be possible. The U. S wanted to fly across the Atlantic Ocean from New York to Paris. Using a radio for signals the pilot; Charles Lindbergh and the United States achieved their goal. This is why the radio was one of the most important inventions during the 1920’s.

For more information on all of the creators of the radio click here: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/history-of-radio-who-invented-the-radio.html
For more information on Charles Lindbergh http://www.charleslindbergh.com/history/index.asp


Citation:
"History of Radio - Who invented the Radio." Buzzle.com. N.p., 2011. Web. 11 Mar 2011. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/history-of-radio-who-invented-the-radio.html>.
"Radio's Emergence ." Oracle ThinkQuest n. pag. Oracle thinkQuest. Web. 11 Mar 2011. <http://library.thinkquest.org/27629/http:/http:www.soundboard.com/sb/1920_History_Soundboard_a.aspxwww.soundboard.com/sb/1920_History_Soundboard_a.aspx/media/md20s.html>.

steve, parker. 1920-40 http://www.soundboard.com/sb/1920_History_Soundboard_a.aspx To http://http:www.soundboard.com/sb/1920_History_Soundboard_a.aspx.soundboard.com/sb/1920_History_Soundboard_a.aspx. 1. WI: Gareth Stevens Publishing, 2000. 14. Print.
"radio." 105.3 KiSS Fm ViP Blog . Web. 14 Mar 2011. <http://105kissfmottawa.blogspot.com/2010_05_16_archive.html>.
BIBLIOGRAPHIC CITATION: <br />"charles lindbergh." The Flying Frankenstein: Aviator Charles Lindbergh was obsessed with macabre experiments to find the secret of eternal life. Web. 14 Mar 2011. <http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2008/07/02/article-1031285-01D4111D00000578-882_468x615.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1031285/The-Flying-Frankenstein-Aviator-Charles-Lindbergh-obsessed-macabre-experiments-secret-eternal-life.html&usg=__qQTaij6iFU4ShfXS7efhGMjK8ek=&h=615&w=468&sz=78&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=JeAdesRm7nATjM:&tbnh=142&tbnw=117&ei=YhB-TcTnBIOC0QHJkZz2Aw&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dcharles%2Blindbergh%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26biw%3D1596%26bih%3D693%26gbv%3D2%26tbs%3Disch:1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=410&oei=YhB-TcTnBIOC0QHJkZz2Aw&page=1&ndsp=38&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0&tx=58&ty=50>. <br />[NOTE: Italicize "The Flying Frankenstein: Aviator Charles Lindbergh was obsessed with macabre experiments to find the secret of eternal life"]<br /><br /><br />PARENTHETICAL CITATION: <br />("charles lindbergh")<br /><br /><br />