During the 1920's arts and entertainment was a big deal. Everyone was amazed by sports, music,arts, and movies. The Harlem Renessainece was where all of the African Americans went to escape racism. Baseball was huge and everyone was excited about the New York Yankees. With Babe Ruth batting they were unstopable. Jazz was what everyone was listening to with Lois Armstrong leading the way. Artists wanted their paintings to be about life, which brought realism to the world. Movies were being demanded by people and wanted to see them all the time.

Movies In The 1920’s: By. Emma D.

The movie business was booming in the 1920’s. They were widely demanded by all people, all over the world. At first there was only silent movies, which in the theaters there was a live orchestra playing. This was all up until, 1923, when movies developed sound tracks. Everyone was demanding them and people were ecstatic. Even though, movies that had people talking in them weren’t until 7 years later, people adored the movies. The Jazz Singer was the first movie that had featured an actor who also sang. It was wildly popular and everybody saw it. The 1920’s was the greatest era for movies; they were one of the joys in the people’s everyday lives. Around 800 movies were produced each year.

Most of the movie stars were very famous. They were greeted at premieres by people all over the world. They developed much while the movie era developed. As the movies became more advanced, movie stars became more famous. The movies were coming out by the dozens and everyone wanted to see them. Mostly movies were produced in Hollywood. Although some were produced in other places as well as Hollywood. The biggest movie companies were Warner Bros, Columbia Picture (originally, CBC), and Fox Film Corporation. There were still some independent movie studios that produced mostly independent films and international films. Everyone loved movies and the movies were a big part of our culture today.

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Golden Age of Sports: Time in the 1920's where sports were very popular and many athletes became heros

Blocking: using your arm to block a punch

Bout: boxing match between two people including 3 rounds

can of corn: easy catch by an outfielder

Dinger: a home run

No man's land: place between the baseline and the service line on a tennis court

There were many popular sports in the 1920’s, some were baseball, tennis, football, hockey, boxing, and golf. Baseball was the most popular in New York with The Yankees and The New York Giants. Many people listened to boxing and baseball on radios if they couldn’t go to the games. Many sports figures were heroes of most of the American population. In the 1920’s the American Professional Football Association was created. Also the Negro baseball league was created in 1920. Most of the popular sports heroes are known still today.

Babe Ruth: He was one of the greatest baseball hitter ever. He hit 714 home runs in his career. His batting average was .342 of his lifetime. He began his career with the Baltimore Orioles. Then he joined the Boston Red Sox as the pitcher. In 1920 he was sold to The New York Yankees. In 1934 The Yankees released him. He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1936.

Jack Dempsey: he was one of the most famous heavyweight boxers of all time. He had over 25 first round knockouts. His nickname was Manassa Mauler, which was given to him by a sports journalist. His fight with Gene Tunney brought in 2.66 million dollars. On his own he made 3.5 million dollars in his career. He won 72 out of 78 fights. He died May 31st 1983.
Suzanne Lenglen: She was a French tennis star who only lost one tennis match. She won 6 single tittles and 8 double tittles. She lost to Molla Mallory in 1921. She was the first woman athlete to become a celebrity. She won 31 grand slam tittles. In 1938 she was diagnosed with leukemia, then she went blind three weeks later. She died from pernicious anemia on July 4, 1938.

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4. Lang, Jack. "Ruth, Babe." World Book Student. World Book, 2011. Web. 13 Mar. 2011.\
5. Sugar, Bert Randolph. "Dempsey, Jack." World Book Student. World Book, 2011. Web. 13 Mar. 2011.
7. Flink, Steve. "Lenglen, Suzanne." Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Grolier Online, 2011. Web. 13 Mar. 2011.
8. "Lenglen, Suzanne (1899-1938)." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 13 Mar. 2011.
12. Garcia, Jesus, Donna G. Ogle, Risinger C. Fredrick, Joyce Stevos, and Winthrop Jordan. Creating America. New York. Illinois: McDOUGAL LITTEL, 2003. Print.

The Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance was a time of creativity and new ideas for African Americans. The reason why Harlem was the main location for this brand new way of living was because racism was “constitutionally acceptable” in the southern states. For this reason, the cities were becoming more populated.

Harlem was soon known as the “capital of black America” or “black Mecca”. Harlem was a place for new ideas and youth so new music came into place. A popular new genre, Jazz was a big hit. This type of music was played at speakeasies. Speakeasies are night clubs that serve alcohol illegally, at the time. One popular speakeasy was the Cotton Club, where many black musicians were debuted. This time period opened up a new way of living for white people as well. Many white people came to these popular speakeasies to meet black people and embrace their culture. In all, Harlem was an American revolution and has had a lasting effected on society, even today.

East Harlem
East Harlem

A Picture of Eastern Harlem on a typical day

To learn more about the Harlem Renaissance click here:

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Map of Harlem during the Harlem Renaissance
Michelle R.

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1920’S Art and Design:
Artists found the time after World War 1, a time to reassess. In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, artists felt free to stop coping the colors and shapes of nature and became more expressive. Now, in the 1920’s and 1930’s, artists reconsidered their relationships with the great art of the past and explored their roles in modern society. Realism got its name because of the focus on the realities of life and living. The Surrealist set out to make the real seem unreal, the natural seem unnatural, and the ordinary seem extraordinary. For some artists after World War 1, an interest in Realism was based on their admiration for the great artists of the past.

Saint Francis and the birds by Stanley Spencer, 1935

Saint Francis of Assisi was born into a wealthy Italian family around 1181, but abandoned all his belongings during his twenties for total poverty in imitation of Christ. He went on to found a Roman Catholic order of nuns and friars called the Franciscans. Saint Francis was also famous for his love of birds, which is why Stanley Spencer painted him surrounded by ducks and geese in a 20th-Century Cookham farmyard. Saint Francis is wearing slippers and a green bathrobe instead of his usual sandals and brown friar’s habit. Saint Francis was based on Stanley Spencer’s ageing and slightly forgetful father, William, who had begun wandering around Cookham dressed this way.
Nighthawks by Edward Hopper, 1942
American Gothic by Grant Wood, 1930

1920’S ART
Nicolette A.
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1. 20th Century Art 1920-40: Realism and Surrealism by Jackie Gaff

Jazz Age and Radio
Alie G.
Louis Armstrong- also known as Satchmo, he was known as jazz’s first superstar. He sang and played the trumpet. Armstrong recorded a lot as a singer, but also used his trumpet to change it up a little bit. louis_armstrong.jpg

Duke Ellington- Ellington grew up in Washington D.C. When he was growing up, he wanted to be an artist, not a musician. However, he started taking piano lessons at age 7. He was influenced by popular ragtime artists and folk music. He was friends with Otto Hardwicke who played the saxophone, and Arthur Whetsol who played the trumpet. duke_ellington.jpg

Josephine Baker- she was a dancer and singer. She was born and raised into poverty. Baker witnessed the St. Louis riots of 1917 when 39 African Americans were killed. One of her greatest admirers was Pablo Picasso, who saw her as a living embodiment of the African sculpture that had inspired his Cubist period. She went all over the world to perform, but mostly Europe. She adopted kids of different racial and religious backgrounds and brought them to live in her French chateau Les Milandes.

History and Style- Not only was Harlem one of the most “musical” places of the world, Chicago and New York City were major places to find music, plays, and other musical performances. Composers such as Irving Berlin and George Gershwin were the first to introduce Jazz and other kinds of music to the United States. They performed at restaurants and saloons, after shows, and even go their music to be put into music stores. There are some kinds of jazz such as Dixieland jazz. New York was said to be one of the biggest capitals of popular culture. Jazz music went from only being played by African Americans to being played by all people around the world.

The Cotton Club
Jack Johnson opened the club first and called it “Club deluxe” in 1918. It was a casino originally and it was located above a theater in Harlem at 142nd Street and Lenox Avenue. The club was not very popular, so Johnson sold it to a group of mobsters represented by Owney Madden. The Cotton Club mostly had African American jazz performers, dancers, and entertainers. Duke Ellington was a major performer at the Cotton Club and he got paid a lot of money to perform there for four years. The club moved from Harlem to West 48th Street in the middle of Manhattan. The club returned to Harlem in 1978, where you can still find it on West 25th street.

Many types of sports including boxing and baseball were broadcasted on the radio. It is famous today for playing hit songs, old songs, and any genre of music. The same went for in the 1920’s. But mostly jazz music was aired on the radio. Many people had them in their kitchen to “dance” along while they cook! They also kept them in their dining room or living rooms for parties and other sporting events.
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