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The Modern Living era was one of the most innovative periods of time America has ever seen! There were fads and crazes, new cars and airplanes and new architecture styles, and urbanization in certain areas. All of these topics play a large part in American culture today. The Charleston, a dance invented during this time plays a large part in American culture today, as do the Chrysler and Empire State Buildings which is a symbol to New Yorkers, etc. All of these subtopics helped make America what it is today! Now Kaitlyn, Owen, Jordana, Kyle and Allie will tell you more!

FADS AND CRAZES/Kaitlyn

In the 1920’s fads were very popular. A fad is a trend. Many people started many fads during this time period. Some fads of dancing in the 1920’s are The Charleston which is a favorite dance, dance marathons; many songs whish captured the high spirits of the decade, favorite stars, crossword puzzles, mah-jongg, and flagpole sitting. To learn more about dances of the 1920's click here.


All these things were are the Charleston which was wild and failing movements of the arms and legs, dance marathons were these contests where couples would dance nonstop for days, some tunes were “Runnin’ Wild” and “Aint We Got Fun”, and flagpole sitting which is sitting on a platform on top of a flagpole for days. More information on flagpole sitting click here To see a video on how to dance The Charleston click here


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Flag pole sitting





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The Charleston


















WORK CITED

"Charleston." Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Online, 2011. Web. 11 Mar. 2011.

Beebe, Maurice. "Fitzgerald, F. Scott (1896–1940)." Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Online, 2011. Web. 11 Mar. 2011.

"Creating America." A History of the United States. 'Ed'. Jesus Garcia. Evanston: McDougal Littell, 2003. Print.







The Chrysler Building
By Owen

Please note that all links are given as a blue hyperlink.


The Chrysler Building is one of the most famous and admired buildings throughout New York and globally. William Van Alen designed this building and it was in 1930 that this Art-Deco styled, masterpiece was completed. The Chrysler Building is 1,048 feet tall and served as the world’s tallest building, until the construction of the Empire State Building a few months later. The Chrysler Building is a landmark in New York City. Some distinguishing features of the Chrysler Building are the pyramid of stainless steel arched forms that diminish to a sharp needle point. The lobby is also one of the Chrysler Building’s more glamorous features. The Chrysler Building has dazzling period piece in red African marble and patterned chrome steel. Art deco, the architectural style became very popular throughout the 1920’s and 1930’s. As well as the Chrysler Building, the Radio City Music Hall was another Art Deco styled building that was built in the 1920’s and 1930’s.
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Chrysler Building arial view

The Chrysler Building aerial view

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The Chrysler Building that highlights steel chrome arches


The Chrysler Building was constructed of masonry, concrete, marble, steel and stone. The Chrysler Building today serves as a prominent, famous, office building. The Chrysler Building took two years to build and the expenses add up to roughly $15 million. In the mid-1950’s the Chrysler Corporation moved out and sold the Chrysler Building. The Chrysler Building is located on Lexington Avenue. Recently in 2002, they had renovated the Chrysler Building. There was an observation deck that closed in 1945. For a decent period of time there was a private lounge called the “Cloud Club”. On the first floor you could lounge in times of in times of rest and prohibition. On the second floor, members of the Chrysler Company could relax/lounge whenever they pleased. The “Cloud Club” closed in the 1970’s. The Chrysler Building still thrives today as a prominent office building in New York and worldwide. It is a symbol to New Yorkers.

Art Deco-A decorative and architectural style of the period 1925-1940, characterized by geometric designs, bold colors, and the use of plastic and glass.
Chrysler Building- Completed in 1930 the Chrysler Building is a distinctive symbol of New York City, standing 1046 feet (319 meters) high on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue.



Online Source #1: "Chrysler Building." Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Grolier Online, 2011. Web. 10 Mar. 2011.

Online Source #2: Kettering, Alison McNeil. "Art Deco." World Book Student. World Book, 2011. Web. 11 Mar. 2011.

Online Source #3: http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=83

Book Source #1: Gaff, Jackie. 20th Century Art 1920-1940 Realism and Surrealism. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Gareth Stevens Publishing, 2000. 28.
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Two of America’s history makers were Charles A. Lindbergh and Amelia Earhart. Charles A. Lindbergh lived from 1902-1974. He took flying lessons in 1922 and he bought his first airplane in 1923. He later became the first person to fly nonstop alone across the Atlantic Ocean. He did this because he had heard about an offer for money if anyone could travel from New York to Paris nonstop, the offer was about $25,000. He was the only one on the plane he was flying, and he did not have a radio or a parachute, it took him 33 ½ hours during his travels, and it took 3,600 miles. People ended up calling him “lucky Lindy”. He became an instant hero as well as Amelia Earhart. Amelia Earhart was boring in 1897 and died in 1937. She was also a pilot she took flying lessons in 1921 and she bought her first plane in 1922, she is the only woman who flied where no one else did. Amelia was the first women to cross the Atlantic Ocean in a plane in 1928 but she wasn’t the pilot she was the passenger. Then in 1932 she was the first to fly solo across the Atlantic. Sadly during her “Around the World” flight she disappeared, and it has remained a mystery since 1937. Amelia Earhart was also called “Lady Lindy” because she resembled Charles; not only in looks but as a pilot too, Amelia and Charles were both heroes. To watch a video please click on the following link -http://www.schooltube.com/video/92c118dac9ca2ac33092/Amelia-Earhart-Final-Flight
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The first plane was flown on December 12, 1903; it was called the Wright’s plane. It flew 120 feet and took off at Kittie Hawk, north Carolina. Planes have changed dramatically since then, now planes can fly for hours at a time and can go so high into the sky you cannot see them by just looking up. On the aircraft, all planes must working on the same aerodynamic principles and are made of the same components. The parts of a plane are the fuselage, and the wings, the tail assembly, with vertical and horizontal wing flaps, landing gear, take off gear.
Vocabulary:
Amelia Earhart-First woman to fly solo across the atlantic in 1928, a pilot called "Lady Lindy"
Charles Lindbergh-in 1927 made the first flight across the atlantic ocean, he was also a pilot and his nickname was "lucky lindy"
Wrights plane- first plane flown on december 12, 1903, it flew 120 feet and took off at kittie hawk, NC

Work Cited:


http://www.ameshistoricalsociety.org/exhibits/residents/neta_amelia_airster.jpg

http://popartmachine.com/artwork/LOC+1138660/0/%5BAerial-view-of-Charles-Lindbergh%27s-airplane-in-flight%5D-BIOG-FILE--...-painting-artwork-print.jpg


http://go.grolier.com/

Poberezny, Paul H. "Airplanes." The New Book of Knowledge. Grolier Online, 2011. Web. 11 Mar. 2011.

Social Studies, grade 8, textbook. Page 719.


New cars of the 1920s

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By: Kyle

Before the 1920’s, cars were very basic, but because of improvements cars were made more enjoyable and safer. Electric power cars, four wheel drive, front wheel drive and even hybrid fuel and electric cars that we have today were actually introduced in the 1920’s. The automobile became affordable to the average American from mass production and the Model-T. The rapidly growing automobile industry led by Henry Ford and the Ford Motor Company produced new and better models every year for the public demand. New companies were created to meet the growing demand for automobiles. Roads that had been designed for horse transport began to wear away under the steadily increasing load of traffic. In 1927 the State governments supplied about 37 per cent., the Federal Government 10 per cent., and the local governments 53 per cent.

New Cars of the 1920’s Works Cited


Online source #1: http://www.anythingaboutcars.com/1920scars.html

Online Source #2: http://www.1920-30.com/automobiles/


Book Source #1: A Cultural History of the United States Through the Decades the 1920s By
Erica Hanson



THE EMPIRE STATE BUILDING
Built 1930-31
5th ave
Tallest until 1971
1,250 ft
(1,472 ft) by the addition of television antennas in 1950
more than 4 million visitors by April 1940
On July 28, 1945, a U.S. Army Corps B-25 bomber, flying in thick fog, crashed into the north side of the Empire State Building at the 79th floor. Fourteen people were killed, including the three-man crew.

CITATION
Neil, J. Meredith. "Empire State Building." Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Grolier Online, 2011. Web. 10 Mar. 2011.
http://go.grolier.com/


The Empire State Building was built in 1930 on 5th avenue. It stood 1,250 feet high until the addition of television antennas was added in1950. The building was then 1,472 feet. The famous building had more than 4 million visitors by April 1940. Unfortunately, on July 28th 1945, 14 people were killed. A U.S Army Corps B-25 bomber crashed into the 79th floor. In the 14 dead, the three crew members were included.



Designated a National Historic Landmark in 1986

The skyscraper stands at 34th Street and Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, site of the old Waldorf-Astoria Hotel and, earlier, of John Jacob Astor's mansion.



The Empire State building was an inspiration to John Jakob Raskob. With a beautiful view of the old Waldorf-Astoria hotel and a view of John Jacob Astor’s mansion, it represented things for the American citizens such as freedom, strength, and spirit, especially for New Yorkers. In times like The Great Depression, the building represented hope and a positive image for the people.


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http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http:www.empirestatebuildingnewyork.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/16.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.empirestatebuildingnewyork.com/2010/04/art-decorations-of-empire-state-building/&usg=bZ9IBilNjd1rpNRXxjVMHuTKUiY=&h=301&w=400&sz=38&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=CnRpqHY2w43XZM:&tbnh=131&tbnw=172&ei=3R15TemrM42CtgfCtdn9Bg&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dempire%2Bstate%2Bbuilding%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DN%26biw%3D1579%26bih%3D693%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=124&vpy=223&dur=93&hovh=195&hovw=259&tx=105&ty=128&oei=qR15TeHnK6-H0QGi1rD7Aw&page=1&ndsp=46&ved=1t:429,r:11,s:0


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TO FIND MORE INFO : http://www.enotes.com/1920-fashion-american-decades/architecture-urbanization-philosophical-debate