MODERN LIVING

Introduction:
In the 1920s, the everyday life of modern living majorly increased as new things such as buildings, automobiles and planes were improved. The United States was rapidly becoming an urbanized nation as more Americans began to live in urban communities. Ford had created the Model T car which only cost $850, bringing many more people onto the road. Also, planes became more reliable now that they were capable of flying longer distances and carrying heavier loads.
Vocabulary:

Skywalkers- Workers who were famous for their agility and lack of fear of heights
National Census- an official count of the population, with details as to age, sex, occupation, etc. which is taken every ten years
Petrol Stations- Fueling stations or gas stations
Mass Production- the method of producing large amounts of a product
Passenger Terminals- The main building at an airport or port for people
Aviation- The design, development, production, operation, and use of aircraft.

Urbanization by Jenna Heitzler

The United States was rapidly becoming an urbanized nation during the Roaring 20s. In 1920, the national census revealed that for the first time, over half of all Americans lived in communities with a population of twenty-five hundred or more. These statistics show the general shift in population from rural to urban areas. Big cities experienced major increases in population. By 1930, New York City had a population of more than a million! Around the time of this major increase in New York City, two very important buildings were created.
The Chrysler Building is in midtown Manhattan, New York City, at Lexington Ave. between 42d and 43d Street. It was commissioned by Walter P. Chrysler and designed by William Van Alen. It was built in 1926-1930. This steel-framed office building of 77 stories and 1,048 feet tall was the world’s tallest building until the completion of the Empire State Building in 1931. The Empire State Building is an 82 story skyscraper built of steel, concrete, and limestone. The Empire State Building grew at a pace of almost a story a day. Ironworkers balanced along the steel beams high above the streets. The majority of the ironworkers were members of a Canadian Mohawk Indian tribe. Known as skywalkers, they were famous for their agility and lack of fear of heights. For 40 years, until the construction of the World Trade Center in1972, the Empire State Building was the tallest building in the world.

empire_state_building_#3.jpg Chrysler_Building_#2.jpg
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McDonnell, Janet. America in the 20th Century. Tarrytown, NY: Marshall Cavendish, 1995. Print.


Cars and Highways by Brooke Goldstein
McLaughlin_TouringCar_1_maybe1920_JUL1952.jpg


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Cars and highways changed the 20th century in many ways. Cars were now at an affordable price. European cars were priced from $15,000- $50,000 in the 20th century. Now that Ford had come out with the Model T, people were able to get a car that was affordable. It was sold at $850. This was about $30 over average, but many more people were now on the road. The Model T lasted for 18 years. Cars were being manufactured using Mass Production. This is the name given to the method of producing large amounts of a product. Highways had been used for horse and buggies, but now with cars, those highways could not with stand a chance against cars. Cars now had large skinny tires, to accommodate new road conditions. Highways had actually started to deteriorate under the heavy loads of traffic. Roads were wooden, and had been built to with stand traffic. To help with since cars were higher off the ground, the road signs were now “standing up,” so people could see them. Traffic lights were now used. Higher road clearances were needed. Cars were able to travel much further than by foot or horse and buggy. Touring and vacations had become much more popular, because of this; many more Motels were popping up everywhere. Petrol stations were very spread apart. That made break downs much more common. Cars were now made as convertibles. Cars were now starting to have heaters in them to improve passenger comfort. Car advertisements had become much more popular and sophisticated. They advertised the engine’s horsepower, focused on specifications and had things to attract people to the car. Now cars were starting to have more colors and color schemes. Luxury cars were at a high during this time. Cars and highways changed the 20th century, and the future of cars to come.

The Model T was the first-mass produced automobile. More than 15 million of them had been sold. A new wave of cars had been flooding the streets. They had to improve the streets and their conditions to accommodate the new cars. Cars and highways were a great benefit that changed the 20th century in many ways.




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. 2011. Airplanes by Sydney Wolin

By the early 1920’s airplanes were much more reliable and capable of flying longer distances and carrying heavier loads. The increased capabilities of 1920’s planes also created the opportunity for daring men and women aviators to break and set aviation speed and distance records. The earliest commercial freight services were mainly mail deliveries. Continual developments in the aviation industry over the first decade of powered flight led to increasing use of metal parts and panels. People from WW1 would travel to small towns showing off their flying skills as well as taking passengers for rides. In 1927 an airport terminal in the form of a waiting-room and ticket office for airplane passengers came about. By 1929 a few principal airports had passenger terminals with comfortable waiting rooms, but most of the existing airports were nothing more than open fields. Airplanes captured the imagination of the people who loved the flying machines. Pilots would be treated like movie stars after they had their epic flights.

Amelia Earhart began her first flying lessons with Neta Snook. She broke the women’s altitude record when she rose 14,000 feet above ground. Amelia was also the first women to fly across the Atlantic in 20 hours and 40 minutes. Then later on she did it again in only 14 hours and 56 minutes. She bought many planes, published books, was an official for the National Aeronautic Association, and she even set speed records of 181.18 mph over a 3k course. She was the first woman to fly solo from coast to coast and she set woman’s nonstop transcontinental speed record flying 2,447.8 miles in 19 hours and 5 minutes. She had many accomplishments, but then finally disappeared in her flight around the world that she started in June of 1937. Although other pilots had crossed the Atlantic before him, Charles A. Linderbergh was the first to complete a nonstop flight alone across the Atlantic.



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Parker, Steve. 1900-20: a Shrinking World. Milwaukee, WI: Gareth Stevens Pub., 2001. Print.

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Amelia_Earhart.jpg



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